Bunions can be treated both non-surgically and surgically. A bunion is a structural deformity of the big toe joint. The medical term is Hallux AbductoValgus- where the Hallux (big toe) Abducts (moves towards the lesser toes and moves into a Valgus position (rotates). It appears as if there is a bump growing out of the foot at the big toe joint, but it is actually the metatarsal head subluxating or dislocating. The big toe drifts off towards the lesser toes in response to this and can cause the lesser toes to elevate, buckle or hammer as a result. A bunion is often painful as well as cosmetically displeasing and is a progressive deformity.
If a bunion deformity is left untreated the bump (medial eminence) continues to enlarge as the joint continues to sublux, the big toe continues to drift towards the other toes and often will cause secondary hammering of the lesser toes firstly affecting the second toe along, then the third, fourth and fifth. The longer the joint is maltracking the more likely it is that the joint will degenerate. This degeneration is the wear and tear we commonly know as arthritis or osteoarthritis. Once the joint starts to degenerate other effects like joint swelling and pain are more likely to progress and become more debilitating as well.
Contact the team at GMC to talk about how we can help with this treatment or recommendations for your unique goals.
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