Melasma Treatment FOTONA Laser
Melasma is abnormal pigmentation (dyspigmentation) of the skin presenting usually as a symmetrical brownish pigmentation, most commonly on the face and more often in females and people with darker skin types. The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it is considered to be a condition of photoaging with a variety of causative factors that lead to angiogenesis (creation of new blood vessels) and activation of melanocytes (pigment cells of the skin). Some causative factors include UV light, genetics, medication side effects, heat, and hormones such as in pregnancy. So there is a vascular as well as a pigmentation component that needs to be addressed for effective reduction.
How do I know I have Melasma and not other types of pigmentation?
There are a range of skin conditions that may appear similar. A diagnosis of melasma can be made from presentation and history, characteristic skin lesion pattern, age of onset, and skin type.
How does laser safely treat Melasma?
We use the Fotona Starwalker to treat melasma. The 1064 NdYag laser is safe for darker skin types and patients prone to hyperpigmentation as it spares the epidermis (superficial skin layer) and targets the deeper dermal pigment. The goal of the laser treatment is to reduce the synthesis or production of the melanocyets (pigment cells), increase the removal of these cells and destroy the pigment that is already present. Where indicated long pulse laser is used to target the vascular component.
Put simply the treatment aims to reduce the number of pigment cells, increase their clearance, and slow their production.
Contact the team at GMC to talk about how we can help with this treatment or recommendations for your unique goals.
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